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[- PAGE 4 THE PENDLETON RECORD, PENDLETON, OREGON THURSDAY, DECEMBER 11, 2014 Offbeat Oregon History Free-love "Harmonial Brotherhood" colony was a disaster By Finn J.D. John It was late fall of 1859 when the schooner Santiago arrived in port in La Ventosa, Oaxaca, Mexico, and disgorged its cargo of pilgrims of the Harmonial Brotherhood sect, on their quest to found their own Central American Utopia. Those pilgrims were a different bunch, though, than the starry-eyed naffs that had boarded the Santiago in San Francisco. Back then, they had been in the full bloom of their innocent belief in the doctrines of the Harmonial Brotherhood sect and its leader, Oregon orchard pioneer Henderson Luelling. Now, after a hungry and grueling month or two at sea, the faith of the strongest among them was at least a little bit bruised. Their sect preached vegetarianism, the therapeutic use of cold water, abstinence from stimulating drink of all kinds, communitarianism, and free love. This last point of doctrine had made it hard for them to live in San Francisco, and so they had embarked for Honduras to found their own new Utopia on the shining azure seas of a place called Tiger Island. La Ventosa was q uite close to Tiger Island. They were almost there. And yet, surely, some of them by now were starting to realize what a bad idea it all was. The biggest problem was, they were all starving. Their diet plan -- the "Harmonial Diet," which Luelling apparently crafted arbitrarily out of then-prevalent faddish nutritional theories and invested with the full power of religious belief-- relied heavily on coarse-ground whole wheat flour. Anything that might actually be fun to eat -- sugar, coffee, tea, all animal foods -- was strictly forbidden. So, naturally, they had brought none of that sort of stuff on board. By the time they got to La Ventosa, they were ravenous. So they poured into town in, a great wave of hungry, unwashed bodies with money in their hands, looking for meat. Amid this tumult came the event that would split the Harmonial Brotherhood into warring camps, and earn for it the nickname "Discor- dant Devils" among the Santiago's crew: The Egg War. It seems Luelling, having found a vendor selling about eight dozen eggs, bought them all and then went off to fetch a suitable container to carry them in. While he was doing that, his g rent alpha-dog rival (the self- styled spi ritualist and ex-circus pe rfo rmer identified onlyas "Dr. T" inthe newspaper account) spotted the eggs and hastened to purchase them, not knowing they'd already been sold. The vendor, quite sensibly, accepted his money (doubling his profits) and quit the scene before the mistake could be discovered. Then, as Dr. T was gathering the eggs up, Luelling arrived to collect them, and .... Neither of the two Harmonial Brothers would accept the other's claim on the eggs. Each intended to have every one of the eggs he had paid for, and other claimants be damned. From this pathetic display of truculence at the highest levels of Harmonial Brotherhood leadership sprang an epic civil conflict among the ranks, with different Brothers taking sides against each other and battling most un-Harmonially with words and perhaps with fists as well -- the newspaper article hints at physical violence, although it doesn't specifically say. Luelling called a meeting of the faithful and made a passionate speech on his own behalf, hinting that his claim on the eggs had the backing of divine authority. Dr. T accused him of abusing his authority and vowed revenge. The other Harmonial Brothers took sides, and (this is a direct quote from the newspaper article) -- "the women, also, who called each other liars and no ladies." Eventually, though, the rebellion was quelled and the Santiago, with most of its cargo of lapsed vegetarians still aboard, was on its way to Tiger Island. Tiger Island is a big pyramid-shaped island in the middle of the Gulf of Fonseca, where the borders of El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua meet the Pacific Ocean. Upon arrival there, the pilgrims made excursions to various nearby places where they thought they might establish their home. Finding nothing suitable by the sea, they explored up the Como River on the mainland, and finally found a spot about 60 miles inland that they thought would do. They thought wrong. Honduras is deep in the tropics, and the spot they staked out was subject to all the tropical diseases to which the residents of northerly climes are so susceptible. Almost immediatelythe pilgrims started getting deathly ill with what was probably malaria or yellow fever. Harmonial Brotherhood doctrine held that the unusual healthfulness of their "harmonial diet" of ground-up wheat berries and cold water would ward off all sickness, but that was not turning out to be yet another hopeful fantasy. So they turned to the practices of hydropathy to treat the sick. Hydropathy, a.k.a. "Water Cure," is mostly a discredited practice today, but in 1860 it was almost mainstream. It advocated the use of water-- usually cold water, but sometimes hot, taken internally or used externally--to cure all disease. Extremist hydropathy, such as the kind espoused by the Harmonial Brotherhood, eschews all other medicines. Now, with many pilgrims desperately ill, it wastime for the Brotherhood's medical dogma to be put to the test as its nutritional dogma had been on the journey from San Francisco. Would it fare as poorly? It would "Theytook Mrs. C., while raging with the fever, wrapped her in awet blanket 'til she perspired profusely, and then threw cold water over her," recounts the newspaper article. "The speedy result was her death." Most of the stricken fared better, in spite of the Harmonial hydro- pathic interventions. But several others died, either from the fever or from the treatment. By this time, things had gotten really bad for the pilgrims. Dr. T and his wife had seceded from the group. Several others had abandoned the whole affair and were making their way back to "civilization" as best they could. Finally, the Harmonial Brotherhood disbanded entirely and, the Santiago once again under their feet, proceeded to slink back to San Francisco. Luelling survived the fever and returned on the Santiago, living for a time in San Jose with friends, possibly under a pseudonym. In 1878, while clearing land to plant a new orchard there, he died of a heart attack. (Sources: Anderson, Heather Arndt. Portland: A Food Biography. New York: Rowman, 2014; "The Emigrant Free Lovers," Sacramento Daily Union, 19 May 1860) Finn J.D. John teaches at Oregon State University and is the author of "Wicked Portland," a book about the dark side of Oregon's metropolis in the 1890s. For details, see http://finnjohn.com. To contact him or suggest a topic: finn2@offbeatoregon.com or 541-357-2222 NEW ARRIVALS It Pays To Advertise ST. ANTHONY GOOD SHEPHERD HOSPITAL COMM. HOSPITAL Advertise Where It Pays AINSLEY ANNE GUTIERREZ GWENAVIERMAYROSENBURG Rebecca Marie Gutierrez and Amanda May Rosenburg and Richard Micheal Gutierrez are the Randy Forrest Rosenburg of SERVICES: parents of a daughter born No- Umatillaaretheparentsofadaugh- Boarding House vember 24, 2014. She has been ter born November 21,2014. She DIVORCES155. Complete prepa- (Rooms for rent) namedAinsleyAnneGutierrezand has been named Gwenavier May ration, lncludes children, custody, 241 SE 3rd St. weighed 6 pounds 3 ounces. Rosenburg. support, property and bills divi- Secure rooms starting at $400 Her grandparents are Mary DAVIDCADENAS sion. No court appearances. Di- CampbellofStanfield;Richardand Sara Sandoval and Luis vorcedinl-5weekspossible.503- monthly + deposit Laurina Burton.of Hermiston. Cadenas of Hermiston are the par- 7 7 2 - 5 2 9 5 . Breakfast served 6 days a week KORTNEERAYN WILDMAN ents of a son born November 22, www,paralegalalternatives.com Washer- dryer on site Christine Ellis and Joseph 2014. He has been named David legalalt@msn.com Non-smoking interior WildMan are the parents of a Cadenas. Dish IV and utilities included in rent - No pets daughterbornNovember24,2014. RIVER DAWN WILSON Contact LaVonne at 541-215- She has been named Kortnee Rayn Morgan Lee Wilson and BryanTapia, Samuel & Stephanie M 1770 Wildmanandweighed7pounds5 James Wilson of Hermiston are to Westcorp Mtg Group, 1442 ounces, the parents of a daughter born Lamb St, M-F,$163,440. Her grandparents are Cynthia November 22, 2014. She has been Webb, Ronald Scot & Molly S and Scott Pryor; Tom and Kathie named River Dawn Wilson.to Banner Bank, 124 SE 17th St, Ellis. Pendleton, $37,500. AALIYAHMAYLEELINFOOT West, Kena A & Shann C to Vanessa Trickle and Homestreet Bank, 690 W Sand- Khrysstopher Lee Linfoot of piper Ave, Hermiston, $175,757. Pendleton are the parents of a daughter born November 25, 2014. She has been named Aaliyah May Lee Linfoot and weighed 6 pounds 6 ounces. Her grandparents are Greg and Kandy Blanc of M-F; Kenola Linfoot of Pendleton. JAYDEN MICHAEL SHAVER Kali Justine Lene and Alex Michael Shaver of Pendleton are the parents of a son born Novem- ber 26,2014. He has been named Jayden Michael Shaver and weighed 6 pounds 7 ounces. His grandparents are Candy Clinkenbeard and John Marlatt; Ken Shaver and Michelle Warner. JORDAN SCOTT MONTGOMERY Lisa Marie Montgomery of Pendleton is the parent of a son born November 27, 2014. He has been named Jordan Scott Mont- gomeryand weighed 8 pounds 13 ounces. Continued from page 2 Mortgages (continued) 2 Bedroom Homes (For Rent) Tiffany Ann Benage and An- 2 bedroom homes available drew Michael Benage of Hermiston 2 are houses, the other are the parents of a son born No- a triplex vember 25, 2014. He has been Mortgages Satisfied Ask about other properties named Braxton Andrew Benage Anderson, Dwayne C & Denele as well! ARIA AERISTEIA MENDOZA to Bank of America. . Contact LaVonne for Delila Mendoza and Brayann Aspen Construction & Devel- info/walk-through Mendoza of Hermiston are the opment, LLC to Bank of Eastern 541-215-1770 parents of a daughter born No- Oregon. vember 26, 2014. She has been Assisted Living Facilities, Inc named Aria Aeristeia Mendoza. to Oregon Housing & Comm Svcs. CAIDENALEXANDERCORCUERA Bonifer, Larry F & Vicki Jo to AAA Offers Tips for Celsa Abarca and Alvaro M&TBank. Cold Weather Driving Corcuera of Hermiston are the par- Brazeau, Phillip H Jr & Kath- Snow and freezing rain are in ents of a son born November 26, leen M to Mann Mtg, LLC.the forecast for parts of Oregon 2014. He has been named Caiden Collier, Joseph I to Umpqua this week, so AAA Oregon/Idaho Alexander Corcuera. Bank. warns drivers to be prepared for Combs, Sandra M to JP Mor- hazardous winter driving condi- CHARLOTTE MARIE GRIGGS gan Chase Bank. tions. BriannaMarieGriggsandSean Counihan, LeonardM&Jean-Calls to AAA spike when William Griggs of Hermiston are etteMtoWashingtonMutuaIBank. Mother Nature dishes out freezing the parents of a daughter born Crandall, Burgess Ill & Kathy tempsandprecipitation. Themost November26,2014. Shehasbeen Woolsey to Oregon Affordable commonproblemsincoldweather named Charlotte Marie Griggs. Housing Assistance Corp.are dead batteries, frozen locks EMMYLOU HUNTER VELIZ Davis, Jeffrey F & Holly L to and vehicle extrications. Andrea Renee Veliz and Pete Harrison, Harvey L & Merledene. Are you prepared for winter Veliz Jr of Umatilla are the parents De La Paz, Antohio & Griselda driving? of a daughter born November 27, to GESACU. Car Preparation: Be sure the 2.014. She has been named Doolittle, JulietoCitiMortgage battery is fully charged; check all Emmylou Hunter Veliz. Inc. fluid levels, including anti-freeze; Esp, Jack L & Bettie J to be sure tires and brakes are in GAEL MENDOZA Hyperion Capital Group, LLC. good condition; Maria Hortencia Armenta Co- Ezell, William Wto Banner Bk. ria and Armando Mendoza Garcia Frank, Loren F & Georgia C to Winter Driving Kit: Carryemer- gency supplies including tire of Boardman are the parents of a JP Morgan Chase Bank. chains, abrasive material such as son born November 29, 2014. He Galstad, Gary R & Whitney L sand or kitty litter, a small shovel, has been named Gael Mendoza. to American Pacific Mtg Corp. a flashlight, an ice scraper, rags or LIAM FRANCIS SHORT Guthmiller, Leland L & Mary paper towels, blankets, flares or Mabel Yew and Patrick Short Jo to Encore Credit Corp. otherwarning devices, and booster of Hermiston are the parents of a Holt, Carl D & Edith A;trust to cables: Pack bottled water and son born November29,2014. He Community Bank. some snacks, suchasenergybars. has been named Liam Francis Humphrey, MichaelS&Kath-And be sure your mobile phone is Short. erine M to HAPO CommunityCU. fully charged before you hit the Jorgensen, Steven M & Jody road. DAVID MICHAEL R to Wells Fargo Bank. Drive Smart: Slow down on TVERDOKHLEBENKO Lasher, Timothy N & D Eliza- snow and ice covered roads and Valeria Tverdokhlebenko and beth to Oregon VA. leave plenty of distance between Pavel N Tverdokhlebenko of Her- Lopez, Baltazar & Elisa M to you and the car in front of you; ralston are the parents of a son Principal Residential Mtg, Inc. know what type of braking system born December1, 2014. He has Mayer, Amy J & Chris M to you have and how to apply brakes been named David MichaelUnitusCCU. Tverdokhlebenko. Millener, CandyAtoUmpquaBk properly; make gentle stops and starts to prevent skids; ALEXACAROLINAXOCHICALE Montes, Ricardol&Rowden,Use Common Sense: Dress Maricela Duarte and Gerardo Rhonda Cto Mortgage Electronic. according to weather conditions Xochicaleof Hermiston are the Murray, Timothy J to Bank of and bring a change of in case you parents of a daughter born De- America. cember 1, 2014. She has been Olson, RobertN&Candacetogetwetputtingonchainsorchang- ing a tire. Let family members named Alexa Carolina Xochicale. South Umpqua Bank. know your travel so they can alert PBS Partnership consisting authorities if you don't make it to of: Simmons, Larry E & Alvarez, Pendleton Grain Growers, lnc Douglas F & Bissinger, Brian Kto your destination. to CoBank, ACB, $34 T1N R32; B Community Bank. 47-49, Res Adn; L 1-2&13-14, B Rigby, Jay V & Camille A to 50, ResAdn; L4&8-9, B26,Arnold Mortgage Electronic. Oregon Tax Liens &RaleyAdn;BJ, SouthPendleton; Riverside Veterinary Clinic, Campana, Cynthia A, B 71 Res Adn; $9 T2N R33; $23- LLC to Banner Bank. Stanfield, $4,211.65. 26, T3N, R30; $23 T3N R30 All Robinson, FredJr&Marguer- Hampton, Dawn M, Her- above within Pendleton; L 18-19, ite to Banner Bank. miston, $4,093.61. B 2, Orig; L 1-4&7-12, B 3, Orig; L Rodriguez, LazarotoSunwest Williams, Ronald Andrew, 1, PGG Rep, Pendleton,MtgSvcs. Hermiston, $1,738.38. $50,000,000. Rorden, Dustin & Rebecca to Prautch,Cathryn M &Anthony Oregon First Community CU. M to Freedom Mtg Corp, 2429 SW Rosenburg, Barbara J to Ben- Ladow Ave, Pendleton, $164,331. eficial Oregon Inc. Divorces Rakestraw, Kyle C; Rencken, Royer, Charles Fto Banner Bk. Mikayla L to WMS Series, LLC, Shaw, DarrellV&ElizabethM Foust, Ryanspencer, San Di- 84984 Hurst Ln, M-F, $165,306. to Mtg Advisory Group. ego, CA and Foust, Lisa Marie, Robles, Juan PJrtoWestcorp Simon, ArthurJ & Geraldine M Pendleton. Mtg Group, 1027 College St, M-F, to KeyBank Natl Assoc. Langley, DukeA, Umatillaand $100,000. Smiley, Jeffry Alan to Baker Langley, Tonya M, Umatilla. Simmons, Craig to UmpquaBoyer Natl Bank. Liscom, Matthew George, Bank, 77780 S Cold Springs Rd, Standley, JohnR&RobinDtoPendleton and Liscom, Shelley Pendleton, $217,600. Unitus CCU. Ann, Pendleton. Spencer, DanielM&PamelaAStewart Thomas L Jr & Ramirez, Jose, Irrigon and to Banner Bank, 810 SW 4th St, Deanne L to Wells Fargo Bank. Garza, Bianca, I rrigon. Hermiston, $95,250. Tavasci, ArthurMartin&Jean Simpkins, Richard Wayne, Starr, Blake&HollytoBankof Florence to Mortgage Electronic. Hermiston and Boydston, Debra Eastern Oregon, 80487 Culp Ln, The Clean Spot, lnctoBankof Ann, Kennewick, WA. Hermiston, $393,400. Eastern Oregon. Smith, Michael Troy, Pendle- Starr, Blake G & Holly E to Wiese, Eric R & Shanna R to ton and Smith, Joanne Lynn, Bank of Eastern Oregon, $28 T5N Wells Fargo Bank. Pendleton. R29, Hermiston, $393,400. Willcutt, Candice N to Wells Strong,VinceMonroe, lrrigon Stephens, Tucker LtoAmeri- Fargo Bank. and Strong, Sofia Maribel, Her- can Pacific Mtg Corp, 937 E Wolf, GeorgeA;trusttoUSDA. ralston. Ridgeway Ave, Hermiston,Zumwalt, MelvinM&VickiAto Wright, Roland Eugene, Ath- $139,591. McNamee, Michael J & Runnisha R. enaand Wright, Nancy, Sublimitur. Gonzalez, Alexandra M to Stearns Lending, LLC, 3009 SW Isaac Ave, Pendleton, $101,020. Hack, Debra & Ronald to First Community CU, 2080 NE 8th St, Hermiston, $90,800. Hale Farms; LLC & H4 Farms, Inc to Washington Trust Bank, Westport Ln; Patterson Ferry Rd, Hermiston; Boardman, $3,023,000. Hayden, Becky LynntoAmeri- can Pacific Mtg Corp, 309 W Laird Ave, Hermiston, $121,428. Haynie, James A IV to James, Merril K& Linda L, LIO, B7, Res Adn, Pendleton, $66,500. HoeI,Tyler & Megan M to Wells Fargo Bank, 303 NE 14th Ave, M-F, $82,281.77 Huff, Kim A & Silvina C to Quicken Loans I nc, 2126 NW Dusk Dr, Hermiston, $189,090. Knudsen, Jairus L & Jenifer L to Universal American Mtg Co, LLC, 415 NW Ellis Ave, Pendleton, $175,757. Larsen, Travis C & Katherine G to Homestreet Bank, 523 NW 4th St, Pendleton, $186,200. Lear, George Fredrick & Joann B to Freedom Mtg Corp, 69609 Poverty Flat Rd, Pendleton, $379,462. McNaughton, Teresa D to American Pacific Mtg Corp, 376 NW Crestview Ct, Hermiston, $152,000. Merrill, Clayton Wilson to Homestreet Bank, 630 E Autumn Ave, Hermiston, $197,448. Merrill, Kyle & Pattison, Misty to Westcorp Mtg Group, 1902 SW 2nd Dr, Pendleton, $229,591. Morgan, KoreyW & Michelle L to Banner Bank, 79247 Westland Rd, Hermiston, $217,800. Morgan, Marsha L to First Community CU, 4503 SW Olson Ave, Pendleton, $33,000. Morrison, Wanda H & Tho- mas B to Banner Bank, 430 SE 9th Ct, Hermiston, $119,920. Ostrin, Kimberly Sue to First Community CU, 627 E Sunset Dr, Hermiston, $91,000.